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Aim & Scope

Medicon Engineering Themes

Medicon Engineering Themes (MCET) is a multidisciplinary International, double blinded peer reviewed open access Journal with 0.868 impact factor. Medicon Engineering Themes invites Authors to submit their original Research articles, Review articles, Short-communication, Opinion, Proceeding etc. Which is Specially designed for Engineering Themes and also to explore various advancements in Engineering like Engineering Management, Biomedical Engineering, etc,.

Major subject areas of Engineering Themes, but not restricted to following fields:

Biomechanics, Construction Engineering, Earth Science, Engineering Mechanics, Geodesy, Hydraulic Engineering, Nanostructure, Urban Engineering, Traffic Engineering, Environmental Chemistry, Structures & Geosystems, Ocean Engineering, Structural Mechanics, Biofluid Mechanics, Advancements in Automation, Industrial Robotics, Robotic Systems, Spark Ignition, Field Robotics, Fiber Engineering, Cell and Tissue Engineering, Designing, Rock Engineering, Composite Materials, Construction Material Handling, Bone engineering, Organ engineering, Introduction to Plastics, Biological Engineering, Automobile Engineer, Micro propagation, Bioengineering, Chemical and Energy industries, Automation engineering, Biochemical Engineering, Environmental Engineering, Bioreactor Design, Automation Devices, Dynamic Information.     

    We welcome you to submit your valuable submissions towards the journal at “engineering@themedicon.com

Highlights

  • Medicon Engineering Themes is an international, profound Journal which publishes Articles on various disciplines of Engineering Themes.
  • Publication certificate will be provided to author.
  • Rapid publication process.
  • Reasonable publication Fee. 
  • Immediate Acknowledgement to author after article accepted for peer review.
  • High visibility of published work.
  • Best Knowledge sharing platform.
  • Thorough Double Blinded peer review.

Latest Article

Security is a very important aspect of a smart system as one of the core smart city components. That is why the concept of smart cities must pay special attention to the security of the individual Internet of Things (IoT) components that make up smart cities. For an IoT system to operate smoothly, all participants in the communication must permit the system to collect information about them - e.g., on the street by various sensors, at home by various devices, such as mobile devices, etc. Such a large set of data collected about the citizens in a smart city is a major security issue.

Acceleration Analysis of a Rotating Object

Ryspek Usubamatov

Published: September 01, 2021.

Abstract
Any rotating object with variable velocity about a fixed point generates centrifugal and tangential accelerations that are the components of the inertial forces. The known textbooks of engineering mechanics contain chapters for the acceleration of a rotating object that is presented by not accurate mathematical processing. Such a mathematical model for the acceleration of the rotating object yields the incorrect result that leads an unjustified increase in the size of the mechanical component of machines. In engineering, rotating components of machines is a subject of exact computing of inertial forces which non-observance reflects on the reliability of their work. This work considers an analysis of the acceleration of a rotating object at a fixed point and presents the precise mathematical model for its acceleration.

Keywords: Radial and Tangential Acceleration; Rotating Object; Fixed Point

The Recurrence Inversion of the rotating objects at the Space Stations is the Gyroscopic Effect.

Ryspek Usubamatov, Marek Bergander

Published: September 01, 2021.

Abstract
The space flights of the astronauts discovered a new physical phenomenon that is recurrence inversions of the rotating objects at the condition of weightlessness. This physical effect is an object of stare studying by scientific researchers of the entire world. They published only a dozen manuscripts with approximated and numerical models and assumptions because of complex problems. The analytical approaches of the new gyroscope theory enabled the description of the physics of the phenomenon of the rotating object in the weightless conditions of space flights. On the rotating object, at the free flight, are acting the inertial forces generated by its circular motions around the earth and its rotating mass.

Keywords: Inertial toque; Gyroscope theory; Mathematical model; Inversion

A State-Space Model from a Finite Element Method of Flexible chassis Model and Control It by (LQR) Problems

Mohamed Reyad Ghazy, Ayman M Abdel Haleem, Alla Ahmed Abdul-Rahman and Magdy Abdul-Aty Abdullah

Published: September 30, 2021.

Abstract
The present paper aims to design an active vehicle system suspension by modification passive suspension into consideration the chassis is flexible to provide us the actual suspension image to make the best performance of the car and ride comfort. Creation of a State-Space half-car Model from a Finite Element, Model achieved by use MATLAB and Controlled by (LQR) Problems with its parameters Q and R which used in the determination of optimal car suspension systems design. The challenge is minimizing the chassis deflection; displacement and reduce the acceleration of suspension vibration. It is shown in our result that the model response to the Q and R-value is positive.

Keywords: Finite Element method; Beam equation; alf car vehicle; Simply supported beam

DeepGen Network based Voice Conversion

Sheena Christabel Pravin, M Palanivelan, S Saravanan

Published: September 30, 2021.

Abstract
A DeepGen network is proposed for voice conversion, which is the process of modification of a speech utterance by a source orator to that of a target orator, preserving the linguistic contents. Automatic dubbing is an application of speech processing which facilitates the modelling of the large variability of pitch. The proposed DeepGen network automizes voice conversion by taking blocks of consecutive frame-wise linguistic and fundamental frequency features. This block-wise approach models temporal dependencies within the features of the input block. Voice conversion, which is also called as voice cloning has always required significant amount of recorded speech but the proposed DeepGen network intends to convert one voice to another using a relatively smaller set of speech samples by bootstrapping samples from a larger speech dataset. The proposed generative model is a variant of the convolutional generative model with encoder and decoder blocks that bring into line the hidden structures of the
feature spaces from the source and target voices on a two-stage training process. An attractive and efficient voice conversion is thus obtained in the real-world scenario using the proposed DeepGen network. The novelty of the work lies in the induction of a deep learning generative network for cloning voice in Tamil language.

Keywords: DeepGen network; Voice Conversion; Generative Network; Convolutional generative model; Feature spaces

Spatial Computing - Revolutionizing Industry and Mankind

Snigdha Sen

Published: November 01, 2021.

“Spatial Computing is human interaction with a machine in which the machine retains and manipulates referents to real objects and spaces”.

Smart and compact is the new lifestyle. And hence, our machines should also cope up with this lifestyle of our fast-moving lives, where performance shall not be compromised by the spatial aspects of our machines. Whether it be installing virtual forms into actual space or placing actual objects in a machine for digitization, it is Spatial Computing. To summarize, it is an umbrella term for Augmented, Virtual and Mixed Reality. Fueled by AI, Spatial Computing devices can spatially sense the world around us. Spatial Computing will be the next wave of disruptive technologies that will get its foothold in the 2020s.

Abstract
This Paper provides an analysis of the Challenges and Opportunities for Technical Education, globally and with particular reference to India. The concept of Grand Challenges is first explained, followed by the Grand Challenges for Technical Education in India. The evolution of Engineering Education systems worldwide is traced through the response of Global and National Engineering Education to Industry 5.0. The impact of pervasive Change all around us is demonstrated through several examples, leading to the demise of business and education as usual. The special features of XXI Century Learners and Teachers, the emerging changes in employment and careers and the opportunities and challenges for Engineering Education in India are next discussed. Th evolution of Industry 1.0 to 5.0 is next traced along with the corresponding evolution of Education 1.0 to 5.0. The dire need for changes in Engineering Education Systems and Processes is demonstrated through the changes in the four subsystems comprising the overall system. The future of Engineering Education is postulated in terms of the integration of several features which have existed as separate entities till now, and the creation of Education 5.0 -compatible graduates.

Influence of Blasting Activities on Slope Stability: A Case Study

Mohamed Fredj, Riadh Boukarm and Abderrazak Saadoun

Published: November 08, 2021.

Abstract
In the phosphate mine, the Kef-Essnoun deposit extended to (N75° E), soft and brittle tectonics resulted in an abrupt change in the dip of the phosphate layer flush or the dip angle is subvertical or steeply inclined towards the Southeast and sometimes the Northwest. The overall edge angle of the pit evaluated at 55° for a depth of 75 m. Several incidents of slope failure occurred in the mine, and a considerable disruption to production and monetary losses occurred. It is expected that slope failures may be triggered due to blasting in a steeply sloped laminate. In order to study the causes of slope failures, on the one hand, a back analysis was applied in order to assess the most probable physical and mechanical characteristics of the layer generating the movement, and on the other hand, the slope was analyzed by the limit equilibrium methods (LEM). The calculation of the safety factor (SF) value was carried out under static loads and dynamic loads were taken into account, which led to the conclusion that the dynamic load affects the safety factor.

Keywords: Slope stability; Blasting; Safety factor; LEM; Open-pit Mine

New Image Encryption Scheme Based on Dynamic Substitution and Hill Cipher.

Younes Qobbi, Abdeltif Jarjar, Mohammed Essaid and Abdelhamid Benazzi

Published: November 08, 2021.

Abstract
In this work, we propose a new color image encryption technique. After transiting of the original image into a vector and decomposing it into blocks of three pixels, along with modifying of a seed block by an initialization vector computed from the plain image, a preliminary confusion will be handled by a substitution matrix developed under the control of the two chaotic maps used in the system. The achieved block will be injected in affine transformation provided by an invertible matrix accompanied by a dynamic translation vector to surmount the problem of null or uniform blocks. The encrypted block will be linked to the original block to setup diffusion and avalanche effect to protect the system from differential attacks. Simulations ap-plied to on a large number of color images prove the robustness of the pro-posed approach against known attacks.

Keywords: Chaotic maps; Affine transformation; Substitution

Internet of Everything (IoE): Intelligence, Cognition, Catenate

Ganesh Khekare

Published: November 08, 2021.

Internet of Things (IoT) focuses on physical entities whereas Internet of Everything (IoE) focuses on everything viz., People, Process, Things, Data. IoE intelligently tries to collect and process the data not only from IoT but also from various technologies and even treat people as a node. The IoE is transpiring technology. In the last decade demand for IoE has been increased due to various things like the use of smart devices; increased demand for voice-based services; the concept of smart cities has been evolved; more requirements of processed data in fields of artificial intelligence and machine learning; fog computing, edge computing, deep learning, data analytics, etc. IoE is expected to reach the milestone of 30 billion IoE units at the end of the year 2022. IoE has emerged as a key technology that enables everything to be connected through the internet. As technology is advancing day by day, automation is playing an important role. In every field, IoE is generating a vast amount of data like health systems, traffic systems, smart city monitoring systems, education systems, social networking sites, government organizations, etc. To handle a huge amount of data, a system is required through which it becomes easier to track, analyse, handle, and apply that data in a better way [1].

Security of Internet of Things

Smita Sanjay Ambarkar

Published: November 08, 2021.

Introduction
Internet of Things (IoT) escalates the technology to new heights thereby tremendously increasing the ranges of the connected applications [1]. The applications of IoT mainly include healthcare, agriculture, smart homes, vehicles, mart cities, smart grids etc. The IoT creates revolution in all the applications using the interconnection of embedded devices like sensors, actuators, gateways. The services provided by these IoT based applications are resultantly excellent. However this ubiquitous computing generates the huge data and therefore the protection i.e. providing privacy and security to this data is a prime concern.

The demand of renewable energy generating resources are increasing drastically due to rapid increase in global energy demand. Renewable energy based resources provide green energy which protects the environment and make our living sustainable. The renewable energy based resources decreases our dependency to limited resources such as: coal, fossil fuels etc. It is economically good and decreases our dependency to foreign energy sources also. The recent trending renewable energy generating resources are: Solar, Wind & Fuel Cell.

Smart Materials: Fabrication, Usage and Challenges

N Gupta

Published: November 08, 2021.

Smart materials are the materials which can change their shape on application of force, temperature etc. They regain their structure when force is withdrawn. Such materials are finding their widespread usage in different industries as medical, semi-conductor, aerospace, defense etc. sectors.

Abstract
In a racing go kart with single hydraulic disk brake system, disc or rotor is a device for slowing or stopping the motion of a wheel while it runs at a certain speed which converts kinetic energy into heat energy. The widely used brake rotor material is Grey Cast Iron (CGI) which consumes much fuel due to its high specific gravity. Also, it is heavy due to high density which in return affects the performance of the race go kart. The aim of this paper is to develop the material selection method and select the optimum material for the application of brake disc system emphasizing on the substitution of this cast iron by any other lightweight material. Material performance requirements were analysed and alternative solutions were evaluated among cast iron, aluminium 7075 T6, titanium grade 5 alloy, and stainless steel 420. Mechanical properties, thermal properties, FEA (finite element analysis), were used as the key parameters in the material selection stages. The analysis led to Titanium Grade 5 material as the most appropriate material for brake disc system for a 150-cc racing go kart having single hydraulic disc brake system with the top speed of 110 Kmph.

Keywords: Racing Go-Kart; Disc brake rotor; Grey cast iron; Aluminium; Titanium; Stainless steel; Material Selection; Mechanical;
Thermal; FEA

New Heuristic to Optimize the Travelling Salesman Problem

Souhail Dhouib

Published: December 03, 2021

One of the fundamental combinatorial problems is the Travelling Salesman Problem (TSP) where a salesman is invited to visit all cities with the cheapest cycle. To solve this problem, we designed in [1] a new column row heuristic entitled Dhouib-Matrix-TSP1 (DMTSP1).

Cloud Computing Security Issues

Muhammad Imran Tariq

Published: December 03, 2021

Handheld devices captured the world and now every person who is technology dependent is replying upon the cloud computing. The rapid growth in the user of the mobile computing arises various question and opened new dimensions of research. Now, the universities and industry stake holders are looking new ideas to maximum utilize the mobile computing benefits and give maximum relief to its customers. This mobile computing and cloud computing gives both hardware and software advantages and also new concepts.

Data Science: The Science to understand Oil of 21st Century

Geetika Vashisht and Vishesh Goyal

Published: December 03, 2021

21st century is all about automation. Human race is obsessed with automation. Taking Amazon’s shopping website as an instance, it uses customers’ shopping data to figure out the shopping patterns and tries to predict your next order and to restock its warehouses nearest to you with what you are most likely to order so they can get products to you as soon as possible. This is called “prime now” under which they deliver 90 percent of things you need within 3 hours. Amazon even has patent called anticipatory shipping under which they will try to deliver things before you even order them based on your data.

Conventional Photogrammetry versus UAV-Photogrammetry

Irineu da Silva

Published: December 03, 2021

The term photogrammetry has various meanings for different application areas and over time, it has changed its definitions depending on the technological stage of its development. Currently, the most adequate definition is to consider it as the methodology for modelling 3D space from 2D images generated by digital sensors. In the beginning, it was just photogrammetry which became Analog Photogrammetry, Analytical Photogrammetry and finally, Digital Photogrammetry, which is being replaced by two competing terms which are conventional photogrammetry and UAV-photogrammetry. The question here is whether they are sufficiently different to deserve two distinct denominations.

Contribution of Creative Mathematicians in the Development of Machine Learning

Muzafer Saracevic and Dzenis Pepic

Published: December 24, 2021

Machine Learning and Deep Learning are two areas in Computer Science that are expanding and are increasingly finding applications in solving the real problems of the industry. They are related to developing the ability to “learn” computers without prior explicit programming, but rather a conceptually inverse process is already taking place, in which the machine uses a huge amount of data and recognizes laws due to which certain processes occur. Machine learning relies on so-called models, which represent a wide range of mathematical functions that originally belong to different mathematical disciplines, such as algebra, mathematical analysis, probability, and statistics, or discrete mathematics. And all this is simplified through various computer software and tools.

Abstract
This paper is on the use of an Student Information Management System (SIMS) that facilitated students, teaching and non-teaching staff’s to online collect data and also digitally manage them effectively, On use of such systems in the campus, its converts the Academy into a paperless office through its various modules which have been highlighted here along with some suggestions on the possibility on customization to pave way further and hence to much suit the Academy’s digital work flow requirements
in future.

Abstract
The outcomes of an in-house intellectual research carried out that provided the necessary input to customize and make it more worthy of a Student Information Management System (SIMS) developed earlier by an IT firm for the Technical Education Academies, are highlighted here. Each of the modules of this SIM subsequently were so customized to effectively incorporate all those necessary changes which arise from researched conducted to incorporate some of those basic concept of IoT with it. This researchinvolved was pertaining to threading each other all those existing IT systems running within the campus of an Academy. Once completely customized, this SIM was then found to have buttressed in disseminating the student centric green pedagogy in the academy specially during this Covid-19 Pandemic Time. 
Keywords: ICT-(Information and communication Technology); e-Governance, ERP-(Enterprise Resources planning; SIM-(Student Information Management); ATE-(Academy of Technology Education); OBE-(Outcome Based Education)

UVC Based Sanitizing Chamber

Dr. Syed Sumera Ali, Suryawanshi Ajit Rohidas, Karpe Dipika Aniruddha and Agrawal Shashank Radheshyam

Published: December 30, 2021

Abstract
In this pandemic situation of COVID-19, sanitizing is one of the most important and crucial activity which needs to be done timely. As per the report issued by medical experts COVID-19 can leave on the surfaces that the patient or a person suffering from Covid-19 may touch timely. The molecules of virus can land on surfaces or devices of daily use and thus infecting the it and making it more prone to be infectious. The contagious mode of the virus makes it more deadly and results in extreme precautions to be taken in order to prevent an individual from getting infected by the virus. In order to overcome this problem sanitizing chamber can be used to sterilize the equipment and make them ready to use again for the users. In a country with less developed medical facilities and services sterilization proves to be a useful step. The medical equipment like masks, mobiles, wallet, small clothes, etc. can also cause viruses. Our project provides support to healthcare organization’s looking for alternative methods to preserve and reuse such equipment.
In the context of COVID-19, everyone has to protect themselves and for that, everyone is doing what they need to do to protect themselves, but we are making this project to sanitize the things that can be infected due to certain things. People are using sanitizer to protect themselves from getting infected but if they can’t use sanitizer on some things then they can be bad because there are different types of sanitizers available in the market but they are in liquid form and you can use liquid sanitizer on your mobile, electronics, and money. Can’t use and to avoid the risk that a person can be infected from this thing, we have started this project in which you can sanitize your mobile, electronics, money, etc., and its use will not spoil those things, because it is not in liquid form, but in light form. Destroys germs.
Keywords: UVC; COVID-19

Pre-Processing of Multichannel Biomedical Signals Based on Information-Measuring Systems

Djumanov Jamoljon, FF Rajabov, KT Abdurashidova, NS Botirov and IB Zuparov

Published: December 30, 2021

Abstract
In the paper has considering the possibilities of creating hardware and software of circuits, algorithms and software for processing and recognition of biosignals. And also, the creation of a circuit, algorithms and software for the system for picking up, processing and selecting biosignals. The aim of the research is to develop a method, an algorithm, and a complex of applied programs for automatic recognition of electrocardiographic signals to improve the efficiency of diagnostics of cardiovascular diseases. The object of research is systems for measuring, analyzing and selecting biosignals. 
Keywords: Biomedical signal; Digital filtering; EEG; ECG; Gastrogram; Enterogram; Filter coefficient; visualization; Non-invasive method; Software; Interference suppression

New Challenges and New Approaches to the Development of the Vocational Education system in the Central Black Earth Economic Region

Moiseev Vladimir Viktorovich and Pastukh Tamara Alexandrovna

Published: December 30, 2021

Abstract
The article deals with issues related to the development of vocational education in the Central Black Earth Economic Region as a key component of the formation and development of human potential. The article examines the current state of vocational education in five regions and identifies the main internal constraints and external challenges facing the vocational education system. The authors define the conditions for the further development of the higher education system, promising areas of activity of universities and propose an algorithm for the formation of the concept and design of a competitive educational program. 
Keywords: Human capital; Professional education; Educational development; Educational program concept; Educational program development

Engineering and the Environment

Mainak Ghosal

Published: December 30, 2021

We all know that our environment is a complex of physical, chemical, and biotic factors that act upon all living beings or communities. In Dictionary environment simply means ‘surroundings’ (environ) and it is the aggregate of that which includes social & cultural conditions or influences. The environment provides us food (Roti), clothing (Kapda), shelter (Makan), and fulfill sallour desires and needs whether big or small.