Medicon Engineering Themes (ISSN: 2834-7218)

Review Article

Volume 5 Issue 2

Istanbul; Climate-Change, Sustainability, Decentralization, Industrial, and Residential Areas

Hülya Coskun*
MSGSU, Faculty of Architecture, MSGSU, Mimar Sinan Fine Arts University, Istanbul, Türkiye
*Corresponding Author: Hülya Coskun, Ass. Prof. Dr. Istanbul, MSGSU, Faculty of Architecture, MSGSU, Mimar Sinan Fine Arts University, Istanbul, Türkiye.

Published: July 31, 2023

DOI: 10.55162/MCET.05.157

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This research focuses on the industrial development of Istanbul and the planning of housing and industrial areas. It examines the city's urban agenda, which is dominated by internal and transnational migrations, population growth, housing problems, and the process of opening new housing areas over many years. Another significant issue is the planning of industrial areas and their impact on the city. Climate-related issues and agreements like the Paris Agreement in 2015 emphasized the detrimental effects of industrialization, uncontrolled urban sprawl, decreasing green areas, industrial pollution, and high carbon emissions in cities, making them more problematic. The problem of uncontrolled development of residential and industrial areas has persisted for many years. The idea of permanently moving industrial areas outside the city, to nearby towns, has been long known idea proposed at the beginning of the 20th century. However, various political challenges and other factors have hindered the effective implementation of this approach. The main concern is that this problem poses a potential threat to the future sustainability of the city. The research examines the reflection of industrialization and urban planning over nearly a century, up to the present day, by analyzing the planning reports of the Istanbul municipality and government policies on the subject. The findings indicate the importance of zoning applications in the planning of industrial and residential areas, as applied in world cities like London and Paris. However, the idea of decentralizing industrial areas in the city, though theoretically supported in development plans and reports, faces challenges in practice, affecting the city's future sustainability. The research highlights the complexities involved in addressing industrialization and planning issues in Istanbul, emphasizing the need for effective policies and strategies aligned with sustainability principles and long-term urban development.

Keywords: City Planning; Climate Change Industrial Areas; Istanbul; Residential Areas