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Aim & Scope

Agriculture & Environmental Sciences:

MC Agriculture & Environmental Sciences (MCAES) is open access, international, scientific peer-reviewed journal. Which publishes articles on Crop physiology, Environmental Ecology, Agriculture and Environment, Water Resources, Organic Agriculture, Forestry, Irrigation, Agricultural Marketing, Soil & Seed Science, etc,.

Major subject areas of Agriculture & Environmental, but not restricted to following fields:

Apiculture, Biochemical Engineering, Applied Microbiology, Applied Chemistry, Biotechnology, Weed Biology, Veterinary, Virology, Viticulture, Crop Production, Vegetable Production and Management, Theoretical production ecology, Soil Science, Seed Science Research, Plant Breeding, Poultry Science, Post-Harvest Biology, Pesticide Science, Organic Farming, Organic Agriculture, Irrigation, Soil-Plant relationships, Microbial biotechnology, Freshwater Science, Impacts of Environmental Factors, Food Safety, Food History, Food Health & Nutrition, Forestry, Food Science and Technology, Agricultural Resources, Environmental technology and Food security, Fermentation Technology, Energy Agriculture, Agricultural Ecology, Dairy Science, Crop Scouting, Crop botany, Crop Physiology, Crop Science, Agricultural Production, Agricultural Industry Issues, Agricultural Genetic and Microbiology, Water use Efficiency, Agricultural Botany, Plant Protection, Agricultural economics, Agronomy and Pathology, Agricultural development, Aquaculture, Agricultural Genomics, Agronomy, Ecological Agriculture, Plant cytology, Plant diversity,  Agricultural Entomology, Water relations, Environmental toxicology, Application of ecological, Environmental chemistry, Environmental health, Agricultural Biodiversity, Environmental studies, Earth Summit, Environmental systems, Drug overdose, Forest Microbiology, Soil, Water, Wildlife Biology, Solid Waste Management, Plant Breeding Genetics and Pathology, Soil Conservation, Agricultural Biotechnology, Agricultural Engineering, Agricultural Diversification, Agrology, Animal nutrition, Applied horticulture, Farming, Medicinal Plants, Organic gardening, Plant fertilization, Storage, Rainwater harvesting, Soil biology, Agro ecosystem, Biological engineering, Agricultural Electrification, Agrochemistry, Environmental Hydrology, Plant Nutrition.

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  • MC Agriculture & Environmental Sciences is an international, profound Journal which publishes Articles on various disciplines of Agriculture & Environmental.
  • Publication certificate will be provided to author.
  • Rapid publication process.
  • Reasonable publication Fee. 
  • Immediate Acknowledgement to author after article accepted for peer review.
  • High visibility of published work.
  • Best Knowledge sharing platform.
  • Thorough Double Blinded peer review.

Latest Article

Soil the Basic Input for Agriculture, Not just Dirt

Shah Reyaz Ahmad

Published: September 01, 2021; 1(1): 01

     For any agriculture related activity to be successful and economically viable, the first and foremost basic input to be attended on priority and with utmost seriousness, is the soil. It supports the survival of all living organisms from humans, animals, birds to microorganisms/microbes on the one hand, and shrubs to giant plantation on the other.

     Before the selection of kind of fruit trees, crop, variety etc. It is of paramount importance to check the fertility status, viz. availability of nutrients for optimum crop growth, conditions of physico-chemical parameters – soil reaction, structure, texture, bulk density etc.

      This study explored the relationship of external market orientation, internal market orientation, service climate and employees’ market-orientated behavior in the Food & Beverage industries in Taiwan, China, and the United States. This is one of few studies that bring together the related market orientation constructs with international context. The result shows that employees’ market-oriented behaviors will be influenced positively by market-oriented culture, employee perceived service climate, as well as internal market orientation. This study identified the role of internal market orientation and service climate in forming employees’ market-oriented behavior. Drawing on data from a sample of 625 frontline employees working in catering services in Taiwan, China, and the US. The study also examined the moderating effects of power distance on cultural roots. Hofstede’s cultural element of power distance was tested and proven to moderate the above-mentioned relationships. Regional differences among the results were also discussed. This study uses second-order confirmatory factor analysis and structural equation modeling to test the relationships. The current study also tested measurement invariance to ensure the constructs that were measured were conceptually equivalent among the three cultural groups.

Keywords: Internal market orientation; Service climate; Power distance; Market orientation; Mediated moderation

An Analytical Study of Mobile Agro Advisories among the Farmers

Prabha D, Arunachalam R

Published: September 01, 2021; 1(1): 26-31

     The study was conducted in Annur and Kinathukadavu blocks of Coimbatore district in Tamil Nadu. A total of 200 respondents were selected, it has been decided to select two per cent of the population as sample size. Variables such as social participation, contact with extension agency, mass media exposure, innovativeness, decision making ability, risk orientation, scientific orientation and profit motivation were found to be in medium level. Three-fourth of the respondents (76.50%) had not undergone any computer training. Little more than two-third of the respondents (67.50%) were using ordinary mobiles, more than fifty per cent of the respondents (57.50%) were using 2G network facilitating mobiles and two-third of the respondents (66.50%) had no internet access in their mobiles.

Keywords: Mobile Phone; Network; Advisory; Innovative; Communication; Agriculture

Optimization of Pb (II) biosorption by Harvested Microalgae (Chlorella vulgaris) using response Surface Analysis

Amin Keyvan Zeraatkar, Hossein Ahmadzadeh, Vahid Razaviarani, Ahmad Farhad Talebi

Published: September 01, 2021; 1(1): 32-43

     Biosorption has been defined as affinity characteristics of certain biomolecules present in dead/live biomass to passively bind selected ions from aqueous solutions. In this study, the bioremoval of Pb (II) was studied using dead biomass of green microalgae species, Chlorella vulgaris. Important individual and combined factors affecting the sorption process, such as initial concentration of Pb (II) (100-500 mgL-1), pH (2.5-6.5), biomass concentration (0.1-0.5 gL-1) of C. vulgaris and contact time (20-120 min) were investigated to achieve the maximum removal of lead ions from aqueous solutions. The parameters were optimized by the experimental design concept using central composite design (CCD). The statistical parameters of the derived model were R2 = 87.91% and F value = 8.31. The response surface diagrams were plotted based on the defined model to show the effects of the variables on the Pb(II) bioremoval efficiency. A quadratic model was proposed by CCD which agreed well with the experimental data (R2 = 87.91%). Also, the model was able to predict optimal conditions of pH= 2.5, C0 = 100.0 mgL-1, Cbiomass = 0.4 gL-1 and t = 120.0 min for the target bioremoval of Pb (II) (100%).

Keywords: Biosorption; Microalgae; Lead; Optimization, Response Surface Analysis

Renewable Energy Resource from Textile Industry Waste

Vijay Samuel G

Published: September 01, 2021; 1(1): 44

     Energy access and availability are fundamental for individual consumers’ quality of life, economic growth, and employment opportunities.Increased energy supply and consumption lead to improved economic development and higher living standard. The human development index of a country is directly proportional to its energy prosperity.

Genetic Improvement of Crops under the Climate Resilience

S Mohan Jain

Published: September 01, 2021; 1(1): 45-46

    The basic requirement of plant breeding is the exploitation of natural and induced genetic diversity in developing plant varieties for sustainable food production. Plant breeders are handicapped due to lack of availability or non-existence of desired genotypes. However, they have successfully recombined the desired genes from the existed available gene pool, and successfully develop new cultivars; faced with new challenges such as climate change, human population growth, etc.,

The Ganga: A Salvation River

Padam Jee Omar

Published: September 01, 2021; 1(1): 47-48

     The River Ganga holds a unique place in the cultural ethos of India. According to Indian mythological history, the Ganga River descended from heaven on earth because of the long and difficult prayers of King Bhagirathi for the salvation of his dead ancestors. The thought of faith, devotion and worship comes as soon as the name of River Ganga comes to mind. The water of the Ganga River is considered holy water by millions of Hindus. However, scientifically speaking, the river Ganges is the life support system for the people living in its catchment area of about 11 Lakh km2.

Mitigation of Climate Change Impact

Kwong Fai Andrew Lo

Published: October 01, 2021; 1(2): 01.

In recent decades, climate change has attracted a lot of attention. Climate change caused by doubling of atmospheric CO2 and other trace gases will likely affect available water supplies for municipalities, industry and agriculture. Also, it may influence water demand. Higher temperatures increase plant water requirements, particularly through evapotranspiration, reducing the excess remaining for groundwater recharge and streamflow. Plant response to climate change will also modify the demand side of the water balance, particularly the need for irrigation.

Save of Environment and living organisms with weak energy of the water

Sunao Sugihara, Hiroshi Maiwa, Kunihiko Hatanaka

Published: October 01, 2021; 1(2): 02-09.

It is well known that water can’t be lack of plants as well as human body and water is 70% occupies the oceans on the earth. There is little basic research for water although many a study has been reported for a macroscopic viewpoint of water, H2O molecule itself, such as a solvent. Furthermore, water must be essential to agriculture including soil and bacteria in it. The research of agriculture has not focused on the water, although they pay much attention to soil, a fertilizer and efficient harvest. Here we report the water a more than unusual which is completely different from our daily life water. Here, we present the small size water like an elementary particle that can be fabricated with higher pressure of more than 100MPa. We indirectly confirmed the smallness of it with H-NMR and FTIR methods. As the result, the water can be easily absorbed into a living organism including a human body due to its size leading to the growth and respiration of a plant. Furthermore, we report that the water can function to change the nucleus resulting in the radioactive reduction.

Keywords: Small size of water; 100MPa; Better absorption; Water information; Radiation reduction

Indigenous knowledge is considered as one of the most effective strategies in response to climate change issues for planning and policy at both local and national levels in Mekong Delta, Vietnam. Community based adaptation is able to reduce the vulnerability as well as improve the resilience of the local people to climatic variability and change. This research was carried out to explore the role and contribution of opportunities and challenges farmer’s experiences using indigenous knowledge to adapt to
floods in sustainable development in Mekong Delta, Vietnam.

Keywords: Climate change; Indigenous knowledge; Flood; Adaptation

In the recent times, the area of agriculture one of most essential research and also there has been an increasing demand in future based on weather conditions and agriculture labour demands. In this paper discuss what are the reasons for increasing the growth using weather conditions and labour demands. Numerical illustrations also provide to prove the various government reports.

Rearing of Trichogaster lalius in Aquaria using different Types of Feed

Susmita Poudel, Biplov Shrestha, Saurav Lamichhane

Published: October 01, 2021; 1(2): 18-36.

Trichogaster lalius, commonly known as dwarf gourami, is an indigenous ornamental fish of Nepal. Trichogaster spp. is popular aquarium fish species due to its vibrant color pattern, calm behavior, and small size. An entrepreneurship program was executed to learn the rearing of dwarf gourami in aquaria using different types of feed. The study was conducted at the Research Laboratory of Fisheries Program, Agriculture and Forestry University, Rampur, Chitwan, Nepal. The rearing period was 23 days from October 6, 2020 to October 28, 2020. 40/40 advanced fry of dwarf gouramis were stocked in aquaria on 6th October. Water quality parameters were monitored daily. Fishes of aquarium P, aquarium P+F and Aquarium F were fed with plankton, plankton + feed, and feed respectively four times a day @20% of body weight. The specific growth rate, total weight gain and length gain of aquarium P was found to be 2.23%, 5.03g and 4.40 mm respectively. Likewise, specific growth rate, total weight gain and length gain of aquarium P+F was found to be 3.44%, 8.32g and 5.45 mm respectively and the specific growth rate, total weight gain and length gain of aquarium F was found to be 2.55%, 4.21g and 4.14 mm respectively. Similarly, the survival rate was 100% in each aquarium. The present study shows that the fish fed with plankton + feed shows better growth results when compared to the fish fed with only supplementary feed and only plankton as they have a choice for varieties of foods. The overall cost incurred in this program was NRs. 750 and the gross return was NRs. 1200. The net income generated was NRs. 450. The results concluded that the rearing of dwarf gourami in aquaria is a profitable business and it has the potential to establish a successful fisheries entrepreneur.

Keywords: Trichogaster; Plankton; Feed; Aquarium

Agriculture and Environment

JS Rawat

Published: October 01, 2021; 1(2): 37.

Agriculture is one of the oldest anthropogenic activities of mankind on the Mother Earth, therefore it has close relationship with natural as well as human environment. It has many significant positive and negative impacts on environment. The agriculture sector is a very important for the survival of the human environment because it fulfills the essential needs of food of world’s population which is expected to grow to almost 10 billion by 2050. Besides providing food for the survival of human environment, it has many other positive impacts on the environment, for examples, it traps greenhouse gasses within soils and crops, reduces overland flow, mitigates flooding risk through practicing certain farming techniques, and rejuvenate the dead/dying and dwindling natural springs, streams and rivers by groundwater augmentation.

Past Is the Key to the Present

Rahul Verma

Published: October 01, 2021; 1(2): 38.

The title of my write up may surprise you a bit. But the fact is that the present day geo-environmental scenario is totally a repercussion of the events that took place in the past. I will site two examples only, considering the limit of the write up.

The first example is the flooding in the river Brahmaputra during monsoon and post monsoon times. The mighty Brahmaputra creates havoc in Arunachal and Assam. The present-day floods are due to the plate collision phenomena that took place since Miocene times. The Indian plate is still subducting under the Eurasian plate and we all know that Himalaya is still rising. This event gave rise to the Geosynclinal set up in the region. The prominent lithology on either side of Brahmaputra is consisting of sedimentary rocks of Tertiary Era. The mighty Brahmaputra passes through these sedimentary terrains. These sedimentary rocks viz. Sandstone, Shale and Siltstones are very prone to erosion. A huge amount of eroded sediments is carried through the tributaries of Brahmaputra and ultimately, they are deposited in the riverbeds. The situation is analogues to the story of the thirsty crow’’ who was putting pebbles in the pot to raise the level of water. The same situation is practically found in the Brahmaputra riverbed, that gets over flooded due to the excess sediment load in the basin. Needless to say, that if we have to control the floods in Assam valley, we must take measures to check erosion in the upper reaches of the Brahmaputra and its tributaries by vigorous plantation, check dams etc.

Navigation with Indian Constellation (NavIC), will be advantageous in the field of Agriculture

Vivek Chamoli, Rishi Prakash, Anurag Vidyarthi

Published: October 01, 2021; 1(2): 39-40

Many natural calamities have affected our country in recent years, such as the draught in Maharashtra and Gujarat, flood in Kerala, cyclone (fani) in Orissa, flash flood in Uttarakhand and several other part of the country. Continues monitoring of soil moisture can predict this situation well in advance to take corrective measure. Reliable, durable, and automated systems for measuring soil moisture content have long been recognized as being highly helpful, if not necessary, in hydrologic, environmental, and agricultural applications. The amount of moisture in the soil determines how well the region’s soil supports plants and crops. Plants may rapidly absorb soil water if the moisture content of the soil is optimal for plant growth. Plants do not have access to all of the water trapped in the soil. Even after rain, there’s still a thin layer of water on the earth. When salts are dissolved in soil water, they form the soil solution, which is vital as a medium for adding organic matter to crop growth. Fig 1. shows the importance of soil moisture in agriculture.

Ganesh Immersion Impact on Environment

Vijaya Lakshmi

Published: October 01, 2021; 1(2): 41.

Ganesh idol immersions are done all over the country now. Last year due to pandemic, government did not allow any public idols. But in 2021, permissions are granted and public gathering is immense in all the pandals. Here we are concerned about two issues; one is using artificial colours to the POP idols and crowd pulling without following Covid rules. People stopped following precautions to contain the spread of virus. Public is found not wearing masks, not maintaining social distance and of course no provision of sanitization in many Ganesh Pandals. Even if sanitizer is provided, people have become careless by not using it. We all have to be cautious during the festival which is not taken seriously now. However one good sign is increase in awareness about mud idols. Compared to previous years, this year making and selling of mud idols is increased by 15%. Earlier only small idols used to be made in mud but now from one foot to 10 feet, idols are made in mud and some are coloured with natural colours to protect the environment from water pollution.