Medicon Agriculture & Environmental Sciences (ISSN: 2972-2691)

Research Article

Volume 4 Issue 1

Hematological, Histopathological and Internal Organs Response of African Catfish Clarias Gariepinus to Diets Containing Auto-Detoxified Mixtures of Jatropha Kernel Cake with Bovine Blood in Replacemen

Divine Ewane*, Bendicta O Oben, Lawrence M Ndam, Maurice E Melle, Kenneth J NgohNdamukong, Kingsley A Etchu, Eugene E Ehabe, Jane M Chah, Kennedy F Chah,Shoyinde Vincent O Shoyinka and Pius. Mbu Oben

Published: January 07, 2023

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Haematological, Histopathological, and Internal organs response of African catfish (Clariasgariepinus) fingerlings, were used as selection criteria for three auto-detoxified mixtures of Jatropha kernel cake with bovine blood (ADMJKC/bb) coded, Y3, Z2, and Z4. Each of the three test ingredients was evaluated at a 30 % and a 50% replacement level with fishmeal. Thus with a control, the ingredients were compared in seven iso-nitrogenous and iso-caloric diets (control, Y330, Y350, Z230, Z250, Z430, and Z450). The control significantly (P<0.05) had higher haemoglobin level, packed cell volume (PCV) and lower white blood cell count (WBC) than the ADMJKC/bb test ingredients. Similarly, increasing the ADMJKC/bb from 30% to 50% of reduced the PCV and increased WBC. However, the PCV and WBC in Z430 were significantly (P<0.05) different from their Z230 and Y330.counterparts. Histopathology and internal organ response followed similar trends as haematology. This lead to the conclusion that, the Y3 and Z2 ADMJKC/bb ingredients were better detoxified than the Z4 ingredient. However, Y3 and Z2 should not replace more than 30% of fishmeal diets for C. gariepinus fingerings. Therefore, there is a need to continue development of the Y3 and Z2 ingredients for C. gariepinus and other farm animals.

Keywords: auto-detoxifed; Jatropha-kernel-cake; bovine-blood;haematology; histopathology; spleen-somatic-index; Clariasgariepinus