Medicon Agriculture & Environmental Sciences (ISSN: 2972-2691)


Volume 6 Issue 3

Climate Smart Agriculture: Opportunities and Challenges

SR Padma* and Sree Madhumitha G
Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore - 641003, Tamil Nadu, India
*Corresponding Author: SR Padma, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore - 641003, Tamil Nadu, India.

Published: March 04, 2024

DOI: 10.55162/MCAES.06.162

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India is the largest producer of milk, pulses and 2nd largest producer of rice, wheat etc., Even though we are the supreme producer of major agricultural commodities we are not up to the mark in order to feed the growing population. Along with this climate change again acts as a Barrier in producing agriculture produce and Global population and changing diet are driving up to the demand for the food. Ocean health declining, natural resources including soil, water and biodiversity all are depleting. A 2020 report found that nearly 8.9% of the global population are hungry, it also estimated that we should produce about 70% more food by 2050 to feed an estimated 9 billion people. Along with this agriculture is intensified by extreme vulnerability to climate change. Climate change negative impacts are already felt in form of increase in temperature, weather variability etc., So in order to tackle climate variation and feed large population we may use climate smart practices as a means. Climate change refers to the variation in the Earth's global climate or in regional climates over time. It could show up as a change in climate normal for a given place and time of year, from one decade to the next.