Application and Significance of IoT in Forest
Avinash Pratap Gupta*
Department of Environmental Science, University Teaching Department, SGGV, Sarguja
*Corresponding Author: Avinash Pratap Gupta, Department of Environmental Science, University Teaching Department, SGGV, Sarguja.
Published: October 28, 2023
In the past few decades, the term "sustainability" has gained significant traction when applied to the utilisation of energy resources. According to Marchi et al. (2018), "Sustainable Forest Operations (SFO)" seems a comprehensive strategy and approach that integrates forest activities with economically, environmentally, as well as social sustainable development goals in an effort to effectively address present and future challenges. The FAO provides a definition for a forest as a land area that is larger than 0.5 ha, has a tree canopy cover that exceeds 10%, and is primarily free from agricultural or other non-forest land use activities. The forest serves as the centre of terrestrial biodiversity on Earth. In addition to mitigating climate change and carbon emissions, forests are vital to sustainable food production and a source of income. As of 2020, the estimated forest area stands at 4.06 billion hectares, accounting for 31% of the overall land area. This equates to 0.52 hectares of forest area/capita, despite the fact that forests are not distributed geographically or globally among people (Forest area, 2021).