Medicon Agriculture & Environmental Sciences (ISSN: 2972-2691)

Review Article

Volume 6 Issue 4

Harmony in Cultivation: Unveiling Aquaponics as the Ultimate Paradigm for Sustainable Backyard Farming

Gaurav N Lanjewar*, Shweta A Sonawane
College of Fisheries, Shirgaon, Ratnagiri-415629, Maharashtra, India
*Corresponding Author: Gaurav N Lanjewar, College of Fisheries, Shirgaon, Ratnagiri-415629, Maharashtra, India.

Published: April 08, 2024

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The integration of aquaponics as a comprehensive and sustainable framework for backyard farming is methodically examined in this review study, with a particular focus on balancing the ecological, economic, and social elements of agriculture. This study explores the complex interactions between hydroponics and aquaculture that are present in the aquaponic system and clarifies how these interactions may be used to create a symbiotic relationship that maximizes resource use while also reducing environmental impact. The review thoroughly examines the principles of nutrient cycling in aquaponics while examining ecological aspects, emphasizing the efficient transformation of fish waste into nutrient-rich water for plant development. This paper presents aquaponics as an environmentally conscientious alternative to conventional farming methods, highlighting the closed-loop system's effectiveness in lowering water usage and reducing dependency on external fertilizers. The study assesses the financial feasibility of aquaponic systems for backyard farming, taking into account variables such as setup costs, ongoing expenditures, and yield potential. After a thorough analysis of the opportunities for small-scale business, the assessment highlights aquaponics as a financially viable option for those who want to become self-sufficient in their food production. The review also explores aquaponics' social aspects and how it might be used as a tool for community development and education. Through an examination of its capacity to advance sustainable farming methods, increase consciousness, and encourage community involvement, the research underscores the wider societal advantages linked to aquaponic systems.

This thorough analysis concludes by presenting aquaponics as the ideal home farming method, balancing ecological, economic, and social factors in a well-thought-out manner. The combined results add a great deal of understanding to the discussion of sustainable agriculture and support the broad use of aquaponics in order to develop a resilient and balanced agricultural environment.

Keywords: Aquaponics; Hydroponics; sustainability; backyard farming; ecological harmony