Medicon Medical Sciences (ISSN: 2972-2721)

Case Report

Volume 6 Issue 4


Convulsions in Children: Epidemiological, Diagnosis and Therapeutic aspects at Labe Regional Hospital

Diop MM1*, Bangoura MA2, Kolié O1,2, Doukouré MA1, Barry A1 and Diallo IS2
1Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Health Sciences and Techniques, Gamal Abdel Nasser University, Conakry, Republic of Guinea
2Institute of Child Nutrition and Health

*Corresponding Author: Diop Mamadou Moustapha, Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Health Sciences and Techniques, Gamal Abdel Nasser University, Conakry, Republic of Guinea.

Published: March 31, 2024

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Abstract  

Introduction: Convulsions are attacks of muscular contracture of cerebral origin, of multiple etiologies.

Objective: To determine the epidemiological, diagnostic and therapeutic profile of convulsions in children.

Method: This was a prospective descriptive study lasting six months involving 137 patients hospitalized in the pediatric department of the Labé regional hospital.

Results: out of a population of 522 patients, we recorded 137 cases of convulsions in the pediatric department, representing a frequency of 26.2%.

The etiologies of seizures in children were dominated by severe malaria with a frequency of 72.2% followed by lower respiratory infections with 24.8% and epilepsy 11.6%.

In our study, antipyretics were the most used with a frequency of 90.5% followed by antimalarials 72.2% and anticonvulsants 37.9%.

Conclusion: convulsions are very common symptoms of multiple etiologies, treatment remains symptomatic and etiological.

The availability of EEG and blood ionogram would facilitate diagnosis and improve management.

Keywords: convulsions; epilepsy; child; Labé

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