Medicon Medical Sciences (ISSN: 2972-2721)

Review Article

Volume 6 Issue 4

The Importance of the Dental Surgeon in the Intensive Care Unit: Preventive Aspects

Gescelia Vieira Sena1, Diego Portes Vieira Leite2, Fabio Cesar Prosdocimi3, Leopoldo Penteado Nucci4, Élio Hitoshi Shinohara5 and Irineu Gregnanin Pedron6*
1Undergraduate Student, Universidade Brasil, São Paulo, Brazil
2Professor, Department of Oral Surgery, Universidade Cruzeiro do Sul, São Paulo, Brazil
3Head and Professor, Department of Human Anatomy, Faculdade de Guarulhos, Guarulhos, Brazil
4Professor, Department of Periodontology, UNIEURO, Brasília, Brazil
5Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Hospital Regional de Osasco, Osasco, Brazil
6DDS, MDS, Independent Researcher, Private practice, São Paulo, Brazil

*Corresponding Author: Irineu Gregnanin Pedron, DDS, MDS, Independent Researcher, Private practice, São Paulo, Brazil.

Published: March 31, 2024

DOI: 10.55162/MCMS.06.204

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Patient admission to the Intensive Care Unit leads to pathological changes in the stomatognathic system. Most of the time, due to the absence of enteral feeding when patients are intubated, xerostomia is widely observed, increasing the risk of intraoral opportunistic infections. These infections, in turn, can lead to other systemic complications, increasing hospitalization time and costs and requiring prolonged pharmacological therapies, thus increasing the morbidity and mortality rate. In view of this, considering the preventive aspects, the presence of a dental surgeon in the Intensive Care Unit promotes oral hygiene care for patients, favouring quality of life and improvements in hospital care.

Keywords: Dentistry; Hospital; Intensive Care Unit; Oral Health; Oral Hygiene