Medicon Medical Sciences (ISSN: 2972-2721)

Literature Review

Volume 5 Issue 3

Pathogenesis, Computation, and Sequel of Hyperkyphosis on Lung Function - A Literature Review

Javairia Ayyub1, Prakhya Vegesna2, Nithish Naidu2, Preethi Annam3, Larab Naqvi3, Reshma Annam4, Rajesh Aithagoni3, Monica Kanniyappan5, Rabia Arafah6, Sailaja Nandennagari3 and Lakshmi Sree Thambireddy7
1Caribbean Medical University School of Medicine, Curacao
2American University of Barbados Wildey, Bridgetown
3Avalon University School of Medicine, Curacao
4Windsor University School of Medicine, St. Kitts
5Tianjin Medical University, China
6Oceania University of Medical School, Philippines
7Columbus Central University School of Medicine, CCUSOM, Belize

*Corresponding Author: Sailaja Nandennagari, Avalon University School of Medicine, Curacao.

Published: September 02, 2023

DOI: 10.55162/MCMS.05.162

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Kyphosis may affect the human body in various ways, causing falls, fractures, pain, decreasing performance, and affecting lifestyle quality. However, the primary goal of this literature review is more towards an overview of various causes, measurement methods of kyphotic angle, and the effect on the lungs of reducing respiratory effort, resulting in decreased FEV1 and FVC. Possible preventive measures are also discussed. Even though there is a lack of an established hyperkyphosis threshold, we stick to an angle of more than 40° in young adults and beyond 60° in the elderly group over 60 years. A search was done through popular databases such as PubMed, ScienceOpen, and Embase, and 41 relevant articles were selected. With a thorough reading and analysis, up-to-date information regarding kyphosis is listed in this article.

Keywords: Kyphosis; hyperkyphosis; FEV1; FEV; vital capacity