Assessment Techniques of Sarcopenia in Chronic Liver Disease
Safeena Beevi S S1*, Om Prakash Veragi2 and Wasil Hasan3
1Associate Professor, College of Nursing, JNMCH, Aligarh Muslim University, Uttar Pradesh, India
2Tutor, College of Nursing, JNMCH, Aligarh Muslim University, Uttar Pradesh, India
3Biochemistry Faculty, Paramedical College, JNMCH, Aligarh Muslim University, Uttar Pradesh, India
*Corresponding Author: Safeena Beevi SS, Associate Professor, College of Nursing, JNMCH, Aligarh Muslim University, Uttar Pradesh, India.
Published: January 21, 2023
Sarcopenia is a state outlined by loss of muscle strength, muscle quantity, or function. Sarcopenia is usually seen in the elderly population, persons following a sedentary lifestyle, and individuals with inappropriate nutritional intake or absorption; hence sarcopenia was interchangeably used with frailty syndrome. It is quite often seen in chronic ailments, such as chronic liver disease, accompanying with a greater possibility of unpleasant clinical outcomes. Nutritional assessment plays a pivotal role in treatment planning, more so in patients suffering from chronic ailments. The traditional methods of nutritional assessment and sarcopenia have been widely subjective, while the objective measurement techniques, especially using computed tomography (CT scan) has been in vogue lately. Imaging of lean body mass (LBM), skeletal muscle index, anthropometric measurements such as “mid upper arm circumference (MUAC), and muscle strength” measurements together mark the gold standard for assessing sarcopenia.
Keywords: Chronic liver disease; Frailty syndrome; Nutritional assessment; Sarcopenia; Skeletal muscle mass